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It was just 174 years ago today, September 12, 1847, when a massive and devastating artillery barrage destroyed the fortress and Military Academy of Chapultepec. The Academy was situated on a 200-foot hill southwest of Mexico City. The fortress was in name only, and though Santa Anna’s forces far outnumbers General Scotts forces, 15,000 to roughly 7,000, the Mexican forces were spread thin and seriously demoralized, many even running away during the artillery barrage.
On the 13th, the American Army, with Marines, stormed the fortress, and overtook the defenders, some who jumped to their deaths. With command of the high ground, Santa Anna soon abandoned the capitol, and the Marines with the Army conquered the Halls of Montezuma, and soon the war would be over, and the Great Bombardment that led to victory, 174 years ago, today.